This page is provided as a source of information on research that has been carried out:

Arvy, C. & Servan, J. (1998). Imminent competition between Trachemys scripta and Emys orbicularis in France. Biodiversity and Conservation 13, 2511–2518.

Bosch, S., Tauxe, R.V. and Behravesh C. B. (2016). Turtle-Associated Salmonellosis, United States, 2006-2014. Emerg Infect Dis. 22 (7), 1149-1155.

Cadi, A. and Joly, P (2003). Competition for basking places between the endangered European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis galloitalica) and the introduced red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans). Can. J. Zool. 81, 1392–1398.

Cadi, A. and Joli, P. (2004). Impact of the introduction of the red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta elegans) on survival rates of the European pond turtle (Emys orbicularis). Biodiversity and Conservation. 13 (13), 2511–2518.

Davenport, K. and Collins, J. (2016). European Code of Conduct on Pets and Invasive Alien Species. Available from: https://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu/easin/Document/EuropeanCodeofConduct/Publication_Code_of_conduct_pets_IAS_2016_web.pdf

Dreslik, M. J. (1999). Dietary Notes on the Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta) and River Cooter (Pseudemys concinna) from Southern Illinois. Transactions of the Illinois State Academy of Science. 92 (3 & 4), 233-241.

GB non-native species secretariat (2019). EU IAS Regulation. Available from: http://www.nonnativespecies.org/index.cfm?sectionid=7 

Hidalgo-Vila, J., Dı´az-Paniagua, C., Pe´rez-Santigosa, N., de Frutos-Escobar, C., Herrero-Herrero, A. (2008). Salmonella in free-living exotic and native turtles and in pet exotic turtles from SW Spain. Research in Veterinary Science. 85 (2008) 449–452.

No Author (1975). Pet turtle sales banned by F.D.A. The New York Times. Available from:

https://www.nytimes.com/1975/05/21/archives/pet-turtle-sales-banned-by-fda-salmonella-bacteria-feared-illness.html 

Jenson, K. A. and Das, I. (2006). Biological observations on the Asian Soft-shell turtle in Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo, with notes on the biology and conservation of other non-marine turtles. Testudo. Vol. 6:3. Available from: http://www.britishcheloniagroup.org.uk/testudo/v6/v6n3jensen 

Langton, T. S., Atkins, W. and Herbert, C. (2011) On the distribution, ecology and management of non-native reptiles and amphibians in the London Area. On the distribution, ecology and management of non-native reptiles and amphibians in the London Area. Part 1. Distribution and predator/prey impacts. The London Naturalist, 90.


Langton, T. S. and Herbert, C. (2011) On the distribution, ecology and management of non-native reptiles and amphibians in the London Area. Part 2. Disease impacts, perspectives, trade exploitation and finding ethical solutions. The London Naturalist, 90.

Oi, M., Araki, J., Matsumoto, J. and Nogami, S. (2012). Helminth fauna of a turtle species introduced in Japan the red-eared slider. Research in Veterinary Science. 93 (2), 826-830.

Polo-Cavia, N., López, P. & Martín, J. (2010). Competitive interactions during basking between native and invasive freshwater turtle species. Biol Invasions. 12: 2141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-009-9615-0

Polo-Cavia, N., Lopez, P. and Martin, J. (2011). Aggressive interactions during feeding between native and invasive freshwater turtles. Biological Invasions. 13 (6), 1387–1396.

Rovner, J. (2007). Bill Seeks to Lift Ban on Baby Pet Turtles. National Public Radio Inc. Available from:https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=10219485&t=1560369785362 


Verneau, O., Palacios, C., Platt, T., Alday, M., Billard, E., Allienne, J.F., Basso, C. and Du Preez, L.H. (2011). Invasive species threat: parasite phylogenetics reveals patterns and processes of host-switching between non-native and native captive freshwater turtles. Systematics as a cornerstone of parasitology. 138 (13), 1778-1792.